Sonora is a state where 48% of the state has a dry and semi-dry climate. The average annual temperature is around 22 ° C, the average annual maximum temperature is 38 ° C. These climatic conditions give preference to certain microorganisms proliferating more than others and therefore we have diseases that in the rest of the country do not.
The first cause of diseases in Sonora is respiratory diseases, which are caused by microorganisms (viruses, bacteria and fungi) which proliferate preferentially in the desertic sound climate. In fact, there is evidence that climate change has a direct effect on the biological cycle of these microorganisms and therefore on the infectious diseases that cause them. Among the most common regional respiratory diseases are Tuberculosis and Coccidioidomycosis.
Undoubtedly climate change has affected us in many ways among the most relevant are those that affect our health. One of the major complications for the diagnosis of Coccidioidomycosis is the nonexistent reliable clinical test. However, the tests based on identification by their DNA (Molecular Diagnostics), have managed to eliminate this barrier.