Herpes simplex virus 1 infection is a common disease. The virus enters the host through mucous membranes (typically saliva) or skin lesions, where it can cause cold sores, however, it can also cause genital herpes via orogenital contact.
The infection is usually asymptomatic, so most people who have it are unable to notice it. When symptoms occur, lesions can be observed in the mouth and surroundings, which previously produce a burning or tingling sensation. After the first infection, the lesions may recur periodically, with the frequency varying between individuals. Genital herpes is characterized by genital or anal vesicles or ulcers.
The virus is highly contagious when ulcers are present, which is why people with active symptoms of herpes should avoid oral contact with other people, as well as avoid sharing objects that have been in contact with the person’s saliva. with herpes.
HSV-2 is transmitted mostly during sexual intercourse, where there is contact between the genitals, skin, or fluids of a person infected with herpes. Transmission frequently occurs in the absence of symptoms.
Although rare, the virus can be passed from mother to newborn during childbirth and cause neonatal herpes.
Genital herpes infection is usually asymptomatic, or mild symptoms are present. When symptoms do appear, viral infection is characterized by the presence of vesicles or ulcers on the genitals and anal region, which may be accompanied by fever, pain, and adenopathy.